With today's potential bio- and agro-terrorism threats, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) identified the need to establish an integrated research, development, test, and evaluation countermeasure program. To meet these needs, as well as naturally occurring foreign and animal diseases, the National Bio and Agro Defense Facility (NBAF) was developed as an integrated foreign animal and zoonotic disease research facility. Enhancing agricultural and public health, NBAF also fulfills the mission of detecting, preventing, protecting against, and responding to bioterrorist attacks within the United States.
The new building provides modern, safe, and secure biocontainment laboratories of sufficient capacity for operations that include the licensure of animal disease vaccines; defending against high-consequence foreign animal diseases in livestock; and providing the essential infrastructure requirements for threat characterization, forensics, and detection. The agricultural bio-defense efforts will create an integrated and comprehensive system to rapidly recognize and characterize biological agents in animal populations, food, water, agriculture, and the environment.
An international peer review team from some of the most significant high containment research institutions around the world ensured the highest degree of safety as the design was being established. Even with this stringent design criteria, and considering the types of bio-safety levels (BSL-2 through BSL-4), the entire campus was designed to meet sustainable goals and energy efficiency not often realized in high containment programs.
Joint Venture partners Flad Architects and Perkins & Will share leadership of the project.